The interest of the scientific world on the effects of electromagnetic waves on the environment and man has had a parallel evolution on a judicial and legal scale, with the aim of organising standard-setting legislation on electromagnetic pollution.
So far, however, there have not been any joint efforts and this scientific uncertainty on the subject is fully reflected in the law. The phenomenon of electrosmog also affects other fields and areas of competence, such as urban planning, health, the environment and telecommunications, which have made the process of establishing efficient, complete and uniform regulation frameworks even more complex.
The main standards in force in Italy concerning electrosmog are:
-Law of February 22 2001 No. 36 (Outline law on protection from exposure to electrical, magnetic and electromagnetic fields)
–DECREE of September 10 1998, No. 381 of the Ministry of the Environment (A regulation setting forth the standards for determining maximum levels for radiofrequency compatible with human health.)
–C.M.P.D. of July 8 2003 on high frequency, “Setting exposure limits, warning values and quality objectives for the protection of the population against exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields generated at frequencies between 100 kHz and 300 GHz.”
And C.M.P.D. of July 8 2003 on low frequency, “Setting exposure limits, warning values and quality objectives for the protection of the population against exposure to electric and magnetic fields at the mains frequency (50 Hz) generated by power lines.”
–DECREE of May 29 2008 Approval of the calculation method for determining safety distances for electric power lines
-For the workplace, Lgs. D. 81/08, title VIII, Paragraph IV Protection of health and safety in the workplace: Protection of workers against the risks of exposure to electromagnetic fields